American History & Genealogy

*Virginia, the northernmost of the southern United States, is bounded n. by Pennsylvania and Maryland, from which it is separated by the Potomac; E. by the Atlantic; s. by North Carolina and Tennessee; w. by Kentucky; and n. w. by Ohio. It lies between 36 33' and 40 43' n. lat., and between 75 25' and 83 40' w. long.; and between 6 34' w., and 1 20' e. long, from W. It is 370 miles long, and 200 broad at its greatest width, containing 64,000 sq. miles, or 40,960,000 acres. The population in 1790, was 747,610; in 1800, 886,149; in 1810, 974,622; in 1820, 1,065,366: in 1830, 1,211,272; in 1840, 1,239,797, of which 448,987 were slaves. Of the free white population 371,223 were white males; 369,745 do. females; 23,814 were colored males; 26,020 do. females. Employed in agriculture, 318,771; in commerce, 6,361; in manufactures and trades. 54,147; navigating the ocean, 582; do. canals, rivers, and lakes, 2,952; learned professions, &c., 3,866.

This state is divided into 119 counties, and two districts, Eastern and Western.  ...continued

*Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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